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:: Volume 20, Issue 2 (2018 2018) ::
J Mil Med 2018, 20(2): 170-180 Back to browse issues page
Design and Docking Study of Novel Oximes as Reactivators of Inhibited Acetylcholinesterase with Nerve Agents
Seyed Ayoub Hosseini , Abolghasem Moghimi , Maryam Iman
Chemical Injuries Research Center, System Biology and Poisonings Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , iman1359@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (491 Views)
Background and Aim: In this study, a group of nitron-based oximes involving a pyridinium moiety were assessed as novel drug candidates in the reactivation of inhibited AChE in a docking study.
Methods: The chemical structures of novel reactivators were built using the HyperChem program and conformational studies were performed using a semi-experimental method. Docking calculations on all of the designed oximes were carried out using the Auto Dock program.
Results: The recorded binding energy for obidoxime and 2-PAM were -8.59 and -5.61 respectively. These current oxime-formed hydrogen bond and π-π interactions in the active site. Docking calculations showed that new nitrone-based oximes formed hydrogen bonds and π-π interactions with peripheral anionic, aromatic and catalytic triad residues in the active site. Also, all of the new compounds possess better binding energies than 2-PAM and were comparable with obidoxime.
Conclusion: The results showed that all of the new oximes possess promising binding energies compared with the standard oximes of 2-PAM and obidoxime. Bis-pyridinum oximes have better results than mono-pyridinum oximes caused by the presence of additional pi-pi and hydrogen bonding interactions. In most cases, the designed oximes where the imidazole ring was positioned at position 3 have better orientation and more favorable interactions in active site.
Keywords: Acetylcholinesterase, Reactivator, Oxime, Nitrone, Nerve agents, Pesticides
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: military medcine
Received: 2016/11/1 | Accepted: 2018/01/19 | Published: 2018/05/10
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Hosseini S A, Moghimi A, Iman M. Design and Docking Study of Novel Oximes as Reactivators of Inhibited Acetylcholinesterase with Nerve Agents. J Mil Med. 2018; 20 (2) :170-180
URL: http://militarymedj.ir/article-1-1484-en.html

Volume 20, Issue 2 (2018 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب‌نظامی Journal Mil Med
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