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:: Volume 18, Issue 2 (Summer 2016 2016) ::
J Mil Med 2016, 18(2): 215-219 Back to browse issues page
Clinical and Lab Signs of Chronic Lead Poisoning in Devotees with Retained Bullet or Shrapnel Fragments Compared to Control Group
Bahram Mehrtash, Amir Mohammad Kazemifar *, Farid Habibi Roudsari, Sonia Oveisi
Metabolic Disease Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Silences, Qazvin, Iran , am.kazemifar@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5170 Views)

Aims: Retained bullet or shrapnel fragments are suggested as a possible cause of lead poisoning. The present study was designed to assess the problem among devotees of Iran-Iraq war (1981-1988) compared to control group.

Materials and Methods: In the present case-control study, 30 devotees of Iran-Iraq war (1981-1988) were randomly selected after obtaining informed consent. They were assessed for symptoms and signs and lab finding of lead toxicity included blood lead level, CBC, BUN, creatinine, U/A for phosphate and glucose, FBS, AST, and ALT, compared to controls.

Findings: 30 persons in the case group and 30 persons in the control group were assessed. The mean blood lead level was 10.73±4.73 and 10.01±5.82 microgram per deciliters in case and control group, respectively (P=0.533). The mean serum MCV, creatinine and FBS levels had statistically significant differences between the groups (P-value 0.009, 0.022, and 0.023, respectively). The other variables (hemoglobin, TG, cholesterol, and liver enzymes) had not statistically significant difference between the case and control groups.

Conclusion: Results of the present study was demonstrated that individuals with retained shrapnel or bullet fragments have higher but not statistically significant level of lead in their blood compared to control. However, no clinical or lab findings of lead poisoning were found in them.

Keywords: Poisoning, Lead, Retained Bullet Fragments, Iran-Iraq War
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Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: military medcine
Received: 2016/12/6 | Accepted: 2016/12/6 | Published: 2016/12/6
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Mehrtash B, Kazemifar A M, Habibi Roudsari F, Oveisi S. Clinical and Lab Signs of Chronic Lead Poisoning in Devotees with Retained Bullet or Shrapnel Fragments Compared to Control Group. J Mil Med. 2016; 18 (2) :215-219
URL: http://militarymedj.ir/article-1-1560-en.html

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Volume 18, Issue 2 (Summer 2016 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب‌نظامی Journal Mil Med
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