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:: Volume 21, Issue 4 (9-2019) ::
J Mil Med 2019, 21(4): 372-379 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of AIDS Prevention Education Program on Reducing Risk Factors with Community Based Approach in soldiers and military staff
Seyyed-javad Hosseini-Shokouh, Parviz Dabaghi, Reza Shahrabadi *
Department of Health Education & Promotion, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran , shahrabadi.reza@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1177 Views)
Background and Aim: AIDS is one of the most dangerous infectious diseases which is spreading among adolescents and young people. Soldiers and military staff are among the target groups in national AIDS prevention program. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of AIDS prevention education program to reduce the risk factors of this disease with a community-based approach.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study designed with pre-test and post-test that were conducted in two the military barracks in Khorasan Razavi Province (east of Iran) in 2018. Study samples were selected from two military garrisons as available sampling and based on the list and number of soldiers and guards in each garrison. For each intervention and control group, at least 150 samples were calculated. The International AIDS and Life Skills Questionnaires were used. Based on a community-based approach (Educational needs and the use of key forces of the military barrack), educational contents were provided. In total, seven educational sessions were held in the intervention group, including six educational sessions for soldiers and military staffs (one hour in two weeks) and one educational session for military barrack training authorities. Post-test was performed three months after the final educational session.
Results: The two groups were matched for age (P>0.05). The variables of transmission myths, attitudes and awareness about AIDS (P=0.001) and the variables of decision making, interpersonal relationships and creative and critical thinking relating life skills (P=0.001) were significantly increased after intervention. Personal risk perception variables relating AIDS (P=0.630) and problem solving variable (P=0.594) did not change significantly after intervention.
Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that using a life-skills educational program with a community-based approach can reduce the risk factors for AIDS in soldiers and military staffs. Thus it is recommended to include life skills education in training program of military barracks as a necessary approach for reducing the risk factors for AIDS in soldiers and military staff.
Keywords: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Education, Prevention and control, Community-based, Military Personnel
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Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: military medcine
Received: 2019/02/3 | Accepted: 2019/07/25 | Published: 2019/09/21
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Hosseini-Shokouh S, Dabaghi P, Shahrabadi R. The Effectiveness of AIDS Prevention Education Program on Reducing Risk Factors with Community Based Approach in soldiers and military staff. J Mil Med. 2019; 21 (4) :372-379
URL: http://militarymedj.ir/article-1-2156-en.html

Volume 21, Issue 4 (9-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب‌نظامی Journal Mil Med
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