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:: Volume 18, Number 2 (Summer 2016 2016) ::
J Mil Med 2016, 18(2): 207-214 Back to browse issues page
Comparison between Psychological Resiliency and Defense Mechanisms in the Military and Ordinary People
Rahim Yousefi , Elahe Toghyani
Department of Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran , yousefi@azaruniv.edu
Abstract:   (1669 Views)

Aims: The aim of the present study was to compare between psychological resiliency and defense mechanisms in military and non-military individuals.

Methods: This research is a case-control study. The study sample is consisted of 100 members (50 military and 50 non-military) which were randomly selected by cluster sampling method. After the selection and random assignment into 2 groups, Conner-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC) and defense style questionnaire (DSQ – 40) were used in one stage for 2 groups. For the analyses of the data, multivariate analysis of covariance and SPSS software were used.

Results: The results showed that non-military individuals had a higher mean in four immature defense mechanisms; rationalization, devaluation, acting out and autistic fantasy than the military individuals. In the mature defense mechanisms, the military individuals had a higher mean than the non-military. In the neuroticism defense mechanisms, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant only in the pseudo-altruism. Also, the military individuals were higher in Psychological resiliency than the non-military individuals (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The results showed that military individuals with more psychological resiliency, generally tend to use more efficacy, mature and adaptive mechanisms for coping.

Keywords: Psychological Resiliency, Defense Mechanisms, Military
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: military medcine
Received: 2016/12/6 | Accepted: 2016/12/6 | Published: 2016/12/6
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Yousefi R, Toghyani E. Comparison between Psychological Resiliency and Defense Mechanisms in the Military and Ordinary People. J Mil Med. 2016; 18 (2) :207-214
URL: http://militarymedj.ir/article-1-1559-en.html
Volume 18, Number 2 (Summer 2016 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب‌نظامی Journal Mil Med
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