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:: Volume 19, Number 4 (2017 2017) ::
J Mil Med 2017, 19(4): 317-325 Back to browse issues page
Musculoskeletal Disorders Related to Physical Activities of the Military Training Course and a Preventive Ergonomic Solution: Review Study
Mahmoud Ghaderi, Behrad Semsar, Jamal Ahmadzadeh, Iraj Mohebbi
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran , irajmohebbi@umsu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (59 Views)
Background and Aim: The most common type of injuries which occurr during the military training are physical injuries most of which are musculoskeletal ones. The propuse of conducting the present research was to determine the musculoskeletal disorders related to physical activities of the military training course and presenting a preventive ergonomic solution for them.
Methods: In this review study, at first articles which had studied on previous researches on Musculoskeletal disorders related to physical activities of the military training course were extracted from five national and international databases including: Google Scholar, Pubmed, Scopus, Magiran and scientific information database without time range limitations. Then, the collected materials were summarized and discussed in two topics: 1. Epidemiology of physical disorders related to the military training course, 2. Preventive ergonomic solution.
Results: The results of the other studies in this field indicated that musculoskeletal injuries are the most common type of physical damages caused by military exercises during military training courses. Meanwhile, the most injuries occur in the lower extremities due to the lack of soft beds and a bumper on military boots as well as the nature and type of these trainings, especially during marching and running. As it has been proven, the usefulness of using in-shoe insoles in preventing injuries from lower limb dysfunction in various randomized clinical trials for soldiers, athletes, and people whose nature of work involve long standing periods and walking long distances. Therefore, the use of these insoles inside the shoes can be considered as one of the most inexpensive but optimal ergonomic solutions.
Conclusion: It issuggested that the Military Services and policy maker organizations consider using insole shoes along with other equipment and supplies for the soldiers right at the beginning of theit training period. This can be affective on financial issues and also on the efficiency of human resources which are considered as the most important capital in every society.
Keywords: Basic Military Training, Musculoskeletal Disorders, Ergonomics, Shoe insole
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Type of Study: review | Subject: military medcine
Received: 2016/11/16 | Accepted: 2017/08/8 | Published: 2017/11/6
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Ghaderi M, Semsar B, Ahmadzadeh J, Mohebbi I. Musculoskeletal Disorders Related to Physical Activities of the Military Training Course and a Preventive Ergonomic Solution: Review Study. J Mil Med. 2017; 19 (4) :317-325
URL: http://militarymedj.ir/article-1-1521-en.html
Volume 19, Number 4 (2017 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب‌نظامی Journal Mil Med
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