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:: Volume 9, Issue 2 (Summer 2007) ::
J Mil Med 2007, 9(2): 129-138 Back to browse issues page
Survey of Solid Waste Situation in the Specialist Hospital in Tehran with ‎Emphasize on Quantity of Waste Production
Masoumbeigi H. *, Karimi-zarchi A‎., Tajik J.
, masoumb@bmsu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (32468 Views)

Introduction. Solid waste is one of the important environmental pollution. With improvement ‎of technology and increase of population, production of Solid waste is more and more diverse. ‎The resultant special attention to solid waste management (SWM) is very important. Now day ‎methods of SWM that were conducted in hospitals of IRAN, in some cases aren't correct and ‎complete, and needs to optimize. The aim of this study was to survey quantity of solid waste ‎production in hospital (that is specialist and one of the largest hospitals in Tehran with 682 beds) ‎for determination of present situation and Comparison results with others.‎

Material and Methods. This is a description cross sectional study, about quantity of solid ‎waste production in one specialist hospital. We weighted infection and general waste production ‎during 85 days in days of week Saturday - Friday in at 23-24 o'clock of night before transported ‎to out of hospital by shahrdary. The data obtained were analyzed statistically using by SPSS ‎software and ANOVA and Tukey test.‎

Results. The results showed that the mean weight of general waste production had a significant ‎difference between Friday and others days of week (p<.05). -Mean density of general and ‎infection waste was 101.15 and 94.63 kg/m3. Mean weight of general and infection waste 1297.6 ‎and 640.86 kg/day and mean bedridden was 431 disease /day. Mean weight of general and ‎infection waste production per diseased per day were 3.07 and 1.52 and total 4.58 kg/diseased. ‎The cost of only disposal solid waste production from hospital per diseased per day was 2131 ‎rials. From Total solid waste production, general and infection waste was %67 and %33.‎

Discussion. In survey of SWM in hospital, determination the present situation, quantity and ‎mean solid waste production per diseased or beds per day is very important and we attended that ‎during this study. Production of total solid waste was 4.58 kg/day and in comparison with ‎quantity of expected in IRAN (2.71 kg) and %33 from total waste production was infection ‎waste and in comparison with quantity of expected in WHO for developing country (%10-%15) ‎are very high, because the separation of general and infection waste wasn’t complete conducted. ‎The result from this study show that stages of SWM in hospitals of IRAN to have need ‎optimization and more attention through support by managers in hospitals and government. ‎

Keywords: ‏Medical waste, waste production, Infection waste, general waste hospital, waste ‎hospital density
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Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: military medcine
Received: 2008/02/25 | Published: 2007/07/15
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Masoumbeigi H., Karimi-zarchi A‎., Tajik J.. Survey of Solid Waste Situation in the Specialist Hospital in Tehran with ‎Emphasize on Quantity of Waste Production. J Mil Med. 2007; 9 (2) :129-138
URL: http://militarymedj.ir/article-1-493-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 2 (Summer 2007) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب‌نظامی Journal Mil Med
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