Background. the bam earthquake, which struck on 26 December 2003, at 5:26 am, destructed Bam city and villages around it. In this event approximately 40000 of people were died and injured. Knowledge about type and severity of injuries in victims is useful to selection an appropriate management.
Material and Methods: in this descriptive cross-sectional study, we evaluated medical records of victims whom referred to the Tehran's military and nonmilitary hospitals by statistical indices whit SPSS Version 13 Chicago. These data including Reception information, Demographic data, vital sign, consciousness level, diagnostic procedures, type of injury, diagnosis, treatment type, and outcome in the Emergency department and ward.
Results. Data from 854 victims of Bam earthquake who referred to Tehran hospitals, the number of victims were admitted in military and nonmilitary hospitals were 510(59.7%) and 344(40.3%), respectively. Overall, 54.7% were male. The most common Therapeutic intervention in Emergency room was: fixation of limbs in 389(39.9%). Among 945 injuries, the most common diagnosis were Lower extremity fractures in 291(30.8%) In 242 cases, surgical procedures were done. 38 victims admitted in intensive care unite. Mean of ISS (Injury Severity Score) was 6.7 and 11.9% had ISS more than 15 (severe injuries).
Conclusion. Majority of problem of victims were orthopedic injuries, thus, special attention has to be focused for providing of recourses and expert personnel in peripheral areas.