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:: Volume 22, Issue 5 (8-2020) ::
J Mil Med 2020, 22(5): 421-430 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of Chemical Incidents in the Last 10 Years of Fars Province and Providing a Solution Based on Chemical Defense for Immunization and Emergency Response to Consequences
Ahmad Ameryoun, Ali Nasiri, Ahmad Akrami, Sadegh Emami Roodbali *
Faculty of Health, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , sadegh.emami55@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1934 Views)
Background and Aim: The occurrence of chemical events causes a lot of financial, life and environmental damages. The purpose of this study is investigating and analyzing chemical events in Fars province between 2008 and 2017, to provide solutions based on chemical defense for immunization and emergency response to consequences.
Methods: This research conducted with practical approach and descriptive method. The study population consists of experts with operational experience in response to chemical events in Fars province (including 29 cities). The study tool was a researcher-made questionnaire which its reliability and validity were confirmed. Analytical Hierarchy Process with Expert Choice software has been used to investigate chemical events in Fars province.
Results: 166 chemical events in Fars province during the period from 2009 to 2018 was recorded. Industrial unit fires, road transport accidents, and gas leaks and gas leakage from the gas distribution network were the most significant incidents. The type of chemical that caused the event, human injuries and the location of the event were considered as the main criteria. Capital damage, proximity to residential area, and environmental and natural resources damage were considered as sub-criteria. The most important chemical defense solutions include; preparing a database of all chemical industries and factories, prioritizing chemical facilities from a risk perspective, conducting training programs for emergency teams, conducting medical examinations of people exposed to chemicals, cleaning up contaminated areas, and preventing the spread of contamination. 
Conclusion: This research has shown that most events were not only preventable, but also severely predictable. One way of immunity and emergency response to events is their timely analysis to identify the causes, most of which are human error and the factors affecting it.
Keywords: Emergency response, Chemical defenses, Chemical events, Immunization.
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Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: military medcine
Received: 2019/07/10 | Accepted: 2020/07/2 | Published: 2020/08/9
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Ameryoun A, Nasiri A, Akrami A, Emami Roodbali S. Investigation of Chemical Incidents in the Last 10 Years of Fars Province and Providing a Solution Based on Chemical Defense for Immunization and Emergency Response to Consequences. J Mil Med 2020; 22 (5) :421-430
URL: http://militarymedj.ir/article-1-2269-en.html

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Volume 22, Issue 5 (8-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب‌نظامی Journal Mil Med
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