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:: Volume 22, Issue 4 (7-2020) ::
J Mil Med 2020, 22(4): 384-392 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the Intake of Macronutrients and Antioxidant Compounds Based on Military Force’ Stress
Mansour Babaei, Shahriar Eghtesady *, Mahmood Mahmoudi Majdabadi Farahani
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences and Technologies, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , segtesadi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (926 Views)

Background and Aim: Healthy diet as one of the most important aspects of health has the main impact on physical and mental functioning of people under stress conditions. The aim of this study was to compare the intake of macronutrients and antioxidant compounds based on military stress.
Methods: 105 military personnel aged 18 to 45 years in operational zones with different degrees of stress were enrolled in this study. Military personnel were allocated into two groups with high (n = 27) and low (n = 48) stress and the food intake of each group was compared. Dass21, IPAQ, FFQ 168 item and demographic data questionnaires were used to assess the subjects. Data were analyzed using SPSS software 20 version.
Results: Both groups were match in terms of demographic data. The low stress group had significantly higher vitamin E, selenium, protein, total dairy and low fat dairy intake than the high stress group (p<0.05). The low stress group also had higher intakes of fruits, vegetables, energy, fat and meat than the high stress group. Fast food intake and biscuits were lower in the low stress group than in the high stress group, although these differences were not significant (p>0.05).
Conclusion: The study found that military people with low stress levels had higher levels of selenium, vitamin E, and vitamin C intakes than those with high levels of stress. Military people with low stress levels had a better dietary pattern.

Keywords: Stress, Antioxidant, Macronutrients
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Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: military medcine
Received: 2019/06/18 | Accepted: 2020/01/30 | Published: 2020/07/10
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Babaei M, Eghtesady S, Mahmoudi Majdabadi Farahani M. Comparison of the Intake of Macronutrients and Antioxidant Compounds Based on Military Force’ Stress. J Mil Med. 2020; 22 (4) :384-392
URL: http://militarymedj.ir/article-1-2250-en.html

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Volume 22, Issue 4 (7-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب‌نظامی Journal Mil Med
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