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:: Volume 22, Issue 4 (7-2020) ::
J Mil Med 2020, 22(4): 363-372 Back to browse issues page
Relationship of non-suicidal self-injury behaviors with mental pain in soldiers: The Mediating Role of Self-Compassion
Sajad Khanjani, Yousef Asmari, Esmaeil Mousavi Asl, Ahmad Ashouri *
Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Institute of Psychiatry), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , khanjanis23@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1242 Views)
Background and Aim: Non-suicidal self-harm behaviors are prevalent in military settings, especially among soldiers, and are a major mental health concern. Thus, the aim of the current study was to examine the mediating role of self-compassion in the relationship of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) with mental pain.
Methods: The research method was descriptive-correlational through structural equation modeling. The study population consisted of all soldiers, referring to the psychiatric and psychology section of a military hospital in Tehran, Iran in 2018-2019. 207 soldiers were selected by convenience sampling from this population. Participants completed the questionnaire of Deliberate Self-Harm and scales of mental pain and self-compassion. Data was analyzed via Pearson correlation coefficient and the path analysis of structural equation modeling with using SPSS-20 and Lisrel-8.80.
Results: NNSI have significant positive correlations with mental pain (r=0.30; p<0.001), and self-compassion (r=-0.31; p<0.001). There was a significant negative relationship between self-compassion and mental pain (r=-0.56; p<0.001). Moreover, the results of path analysis showed that self-compassion played a mediating role in the relationship of NSSI with mental pain.
Conclusion: Based on the current findings, self-compassion can serve as a protective factor against mental pain. Thus, this factor can be considered in the formulation of prevention and treatment programs for non-suicidal self-injury behaviors in soldiers.
Keywords: Compassion, Mental Pain, Self-Injurious Behavior, Soldiers
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Type of Study: Orginal Research | Subject: military medcine
Received: 2019/12/5 | Accepted: 2020/05/29 | Published: 2020/07/10
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Khanjani S, Asmari Y, Mousavi Asl E, Ashouri A. Relationship of non-suicidal self-injury behaviors with mental pain in soldiers: The Mediating Role of Self-Compassion. J Mil Med. 2020; 22 (4) :363-372
URL: http://militarymedj.ir/article-1-2355-en.html

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Volume 22, Issue 4 (7-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب‌نظامی Journal Mil Med
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